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Hemangiomas

Hemangiomas

  • Hemangioma Slide One
    A hemangioma, or the strawberry mark, is a birth mark that occurs during a child’s first year but usually becomes less visible before the child becomes a teenager. They are red in color due to the excess blood vessels in the skin.

About

Hemangioma

A hemangioma, or the strawberry mark, is a birth mark that occurs during a child’s first year but usually becomes less visible before the child becomes a teenager. They are red in color due to the excess blood vessels in the skin. A Hemangioma is usually found on the face, scalp, chest, or back, but can be on ay part of the body. Hemangiomas are most often seen in women, infants with lighter skin tones and babies born prematurely.

Hemangiomas are rarely are seen at birth as they usually grow during a child’s first year. It begins as a small red mark that continues to grow for some time. Eventually, the growth will stop and it will begin to disappear.

Causes

The exact cause of a hemangioma is uncertain, although it is believed to be hereditary.

Hemangioma is usually self-diagnosable and can appear on face, scalp, chest, or back.

About one third of hemangiomas are present at birth. The rest appear in the first several months of life. The hemangioma can be in the top layers of skin (capillary hemangioma), deeper in the skin (cavernous hemangioma), or a mixture of both.

Risk Factors

Hemangioma occurs most commonly in: females, premature babies, and white infants

In some instances a hemangioma can develop a sore. It can cause you to experience pain, bleeding, scarring, or infection. In rare situations the hemangioma can interfere with your child’s vision, breathing, hearing or elimination.

Symptoms

Signs you have a hemangioma are: red to reddish-purple raid sore (lesion) on the skin or a massive raised tumor with blood vessels.

Most hemangiomas are on the face and neck.

All birthmarks, including hemangiomas, should be evaluated by your health care provider during a regular exam.

Hemangiomas of the eyelid that may cause problems with vision must be treated soon after birth. Hemangiomas that interfere with eating or breathing also need to be treated early.

Call your provider if a hemangioma is bleeding or develops a sore.

Diagnoses

A physical exam is done to diagnose a hemangioma. If it is deep inside the body a CT or MRI may be needed. Other tests to check for related problems may be done.

*Source

Mayo Clinic

Treatment

Treatment

The majority of small or uncomplicated hemangiomas may not need treatment. They often go away on their own and the appearance of the skin returns to normal. Sometimes, a laser may be used to remove the small blood vessels.

Cavernous hemangiomas that involve the eyelid and block vision can be treated with lasers or steroid injections to shrink them. This allows vision to develop normally. Large cavernous hemangiomas or mixed hemangiomas may be treated with steroids, taken by mouth or injected into the hemangioma.

Taking beta-blocker medicines may also help reduce the size of a hemangioma.

Prevention

There is no known way to prevent hemangiomas.

*Source

Mayo Clinic

Videos

Hemangiomas Videos
 

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