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Vitiligo

Vitiligo

  • vitiligo
    Vitiligo is a non-life-threatening skin condition which commonly causes patches of skin to lose color. It can also cause loss of pigmentation of the hair, mouth, and the eyes.
  • vitiligo_face_ic
    Vitiligo occurs when the cells that produce melanin stop producing or die.
  • Vitiligo Three
    Vitiligo is seen almost equally in men and women, and usually appears before a person becomes twenty-one years old. Vitiligo is hereditary in some instances. A person who has an autoimmune disease is also more likely to have this skin condition.
  • vitiligo-s
    The main symptom of vitiligo is simply the depigmentation of the skin. Some people may experience slight burning or itching of the skin as well.

About

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a non-life-threatening skin condition which commonly causes patches of skin to lose color. It can also cause loss of pigmentation of the hair, mouth, and the eyes. Vitiligo occurs when the cells that produce melanin stop producing or die.

Causes

Vitiligo is caused by the death of melanocytes in the skin cells. These cells give pigmentation to the skin. The cause is unknown, but it has been linked to autoimmune diseases and problems in the nervous system. Family history can also be a factor along with a trigger event such as sun exposure, stress, or exposure to industrial chemicals, Vitiligo can happen to someone of any age but is most common befor the age of 20.

Risk Factors

Vitiligo is seen almost equally in men and women, and usually appears before a person becomes twenty-one years old. Vitiligo is hereditary in some instances. A person who has an autoimmune disease is also more likely to have this skin condition.

People with vitiligo may be at increased risk of, social or psychological distress, sunburn and skin cancer, eye problems, such as inflammation of the iris (iritis), hearing loss, and side effects due to treatment, such as dry skin and itching

Symptoms

The main symptom of vitiligo is simply the depigmentation of the skin. Some people may experience slight burning or itching of the skin as well.

Diagnosis

A dermatologist will examine the skin, ask questions about family history and try to rule out other conditions, they may administer a blood test to diagnose vitiligo. Your doctor may urtherrccomend seeing and eye specialist and a hearing specialist.

*Source

American Academy of Dermatology Mayo Clinic

Treatment

Treatment

There are several treatments for vitiligo, although no treatment is necessary. Makeup and self-tanning is one option for cosmetic treatment. Medicine and topical creams as well as surgery are also forms of treatment. Light therapy, depigmentation, and certain vitamins and enzymes are often sometimes used as treatment for vitiligo.

Nothing can stop or prevent vitiligo from happening but it can be slowed down. Many treatments also have unpredictable outcomes with serious side effects. Some medications and treatments can include:

  • Creams that control inflammation
  • A form of vitamin D
  • Medications that affect the immune system
  • Combined medication and light therapy
  • Light therapy
  • Laser therapy
  • Removing the remaining color (depigmentation)
  • Skin grafting
  • Blister grafting
  • Tattooing (micropigmentation)

Prevention

There is no way to prevent vitiligo but there are treatments to slow it down and also cover it.

*Source

American Academy of Dermatology Mayo Clinic

Videos

Vitiligo Videos
 

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